Royal Family of Kumarsain

Kumarsain was founded in the 11th century A.D. as the capital of Kumharsain State. It was occupied by Nepal from 1803 to 1816, and by British India from 1839 to 1840.

Kirat Singh Parihar, also known as Kirti Singh (later Rana Kirat Chand), who was an office holder and Jagirdar at the court of Raja Narayan Pal of Bihar, founded Kumharsain State in the 11th century AD. He along with his two brothers (Kartar Singh and Prithvi Singh) was driven away from Gaya, by the fear of Mahmud Ghaznavi and settled around Kumharsain. They conquered the country from a local chief named Bhambu Rai of Delath.

Later on Kirat Singh gave a tract called Karangla to his brother Kartar Singh. Descendants of Kartar Singh founded the states of Khaneti and Kotkhai. The younger brother, Prithvi Singh, established his independent state at Delath.

Royal Insignia Kumarsain Estate
Hira Mahal Kumarsain

 

Hira Mahal

Kumarsain’s famous Hira Mahal (named after the 56th Rana of Kumharsain – Hira Singh,) which served as the home to the Ranas of this princely state, was destroyed in an accidental fire that broke out early on 25th of December 2007.

 

Since the 15th century, Kumharsain was a feudatory of Bushahr State, but was declared independent after the expulsion of the Gurkhas in 1815, by a sanad dated February 1816, but at the same time lost its own tributary states of Bharauli, Balsan and Madhan.

Till 1892, the Rana maintained a military force of 45 infantry and 1 gun.

Kumharsain State was ranked 6th in Order of precedence in the Shimla Hill States and 11th amongst the Punjab Hill States.

Kumarsain Royal Family – The Line of Succession

Rulers used the title of Rana (also styled as Rana Saheb).

Reign Rana
1021 – 1058 Kirat Chand (1st Rana)
???? – ???? Ugarn Chand (2nd Rana)
???? – ???? Sansar Chand (3rd Rana)
???? – ???? Pratap Singh (4th Rana)
???? – ???? Nadev Singh (5th Rana)
???? – ???? Nahar Singh (6th Rana)
???? – ???? Jaidev Singh (7th Rana)
???? – ???? Jorawar Singh (8th Rana)
???? – ???? Dalbhajon Singh (9th Rana)
???? – ???? Randhir Singh (10th Rana)
???? – ???? Vishan Pal Singh (11th Rana)
???? – ???? Madhan Singh (12th Rana)
???? – ???? Jai Singh (13th Rana)
???? – ???? Narayan Singh (14th Rana)
???? – ???? Shamsher Singh (15th Rana)
???? – ???? Kahan Singh (16th Rana)
???? – ???? Chattar Singh (17th Rana)
???? – ???? Guja Singh (18th Rana)
???? – ???? Ganpat Singh (19th Rana)
???? – ???? Narbhay Singh (20th Rana)
???? – ???? Satdhari Singh (21st Rana)
???? – ???? Tegh Singh (22nd Rana)
???? – ???? Vikram Singh (23rd Rana)
???? – ???? Swat Singh (24th Rana)
???? – ???? Devi Singh (25th Rana)
???? – ???? Jaimal Singh (26th Rana)
???? – ???? Jagdish Singh (27th Rana)
???? – ???? Gildhar Singh (28th Rana)
???? – ???? Surat Singh (29th Rana)
???? – ???? Jowar Singh (30th Rana)
???? – ???? Tapdhari Singh (31st Rana)
???? – ???? Karam Singh (32nd Rana)
Reign Rana
???? – ???? Jati Singh (33rd Rana)
???? – ???? Dharam Singh (34th Rana)
???? – ???? Jalim Singh (35th Rana)
???? – ???? Kewal Singh (36th Rana)
???? – ???? Dalip Singh (37th Rana)
???? – ???? Dalel Singh (38th Rana)
???? – ???? Tilak Singh (39th Rana)
???? – ???? Prithvi Singh (40th Rana)
???? – ???? Golal Singh (41st Rana)
???? – ???? Kishan Singh (42nd Rana)
???? – ???? Roop Singh (43rd Rana)
???? – ???? Ratan Singh (44th Rana)
???? – ???? Shiv Singh (45th Rana)
???? – ???? Fateh Singh (46th Rana)
???? – ???? Shakth Singh (47th Rana)
???? – ???? Chattar Singh (48th Rana)
???? – 1725 Ajmir Singh (49th Rana)
1725 – 1755 Anup Singh (50th Rana)
1755 – 1789 Daleep Singh (51st Rana)
1789 – 1803 Govardhan Singh (52nd Rana)
1803 – 1816 Occupied by Nepal
1816 – 1839 Kehar Singh (53rd Rana)
1839 – 1840 Occupied by British India
1840 – 1858 Pritam Singh (54th Rana)
1858 – 1874 Bhawani Singh (55th Rana)
1874 – 1914 Hira Singh (56th Rana)
1914 – 1945 Vidyadhar Singh (57th Rana)
1945 – 1996 Sumeshawar Singh (58th Rana) acceded title became honorary
1996 – Present Surendra Singh (59th Rana)

Water-colour painting of the Raja’s house at Kumharsain in Himachal Pradesh by Baden Henry Baden-Powell, c.1872.

Inscribed on the back in pencil is: ‘The Raja’s abode at Kamaharsari above the Sutlej’; in ink:’ N.W. Himalaya about 50 miles from Simla towards interior ranges. The Raja’s abode at Kamaharsari above the Sutlej. B.H. Baden-Powell. C.I.E.’

Water-colour painting of the Raja's house at Kumharsain in Himachal Pradesh by Baden Henry Baden-Powell, c.1872